Hazelnuts start producing in as little as 4 years and produce large yields in year six or seven. In addition, you can choose to grow it as a shrub or a single-stem tree. A multi-stemmed shrub will form if you do not cut or cut off the shoots that grow near the base of the tree. Shrub-like, it will grow from 8 feet to 12 feet tall.
Look for a place in full sun or partly in the shade if your climate is warm and dry. Hazel trees (Corylus avellana) grow only 10 to 20 feet (3-6 m). You can let them grow naturally as a shrub or prune them in the shape of a small tree. Either way, they are an attractive addition to the home landscape.
Let's learn more about growing hazelnuts. The most common way to plant hazelnuts is to buy seedlings from a nursery. These are young trees, usually one to three feet tall. Plant them 20 feet apart in full sun.
Pick hazelnuts about a week after they start falling from the tree. The first nuts that fall are usually empty shells, so avoid them and wait a week before harvesting. Most hazelnuts drop their fruits in early autumn, around August or September. Remove the shells from the hazelnuts and drop the walnuts into the bucket of water.
Some nuts will sink and others will float. Remove the floating nuts and discard them. Drain sunken hazelnuts and wrap them in a paper lunch box. Store the bag of nuts in the refrigerator.
If you want to buy a hazel, the most common thing is to buy them as young trees with bare roots, although potted plants are also available. They can be put in the ground at any time of the year, but it is best to plant them during the dormant period in winter. Make sure the soil is not frozen or drenched in water and plant according to the instructions below. Plant your hazel tree in your new home when you are two years old.
Prepare the site well by removing weeds or grass and make a hole large enough to accommodate the root ball. Plant carefully in the hole, at the same depth as in the pot or seedbed, and firm the soil. In Utah, hazelnuts grown for nut production are generally kept as shrubs, with an oval or round shape that grows up to 15 feet tall and wide. Hazelnuts thrive in loamy, well-drained soils, but they grow in many types of soil as long as the soil is well-drained.
Nut production is best when cross-pollinated with another variety of the same species (see Table 1) and/or with other plants grown with seeds of the same species. Even though it's most famous for its nuts, it's helpful to have the hazelnut plant on the farm for a number of different reasons. If you can find someone who has a hazel tree, then you should be able to get a supply of nuts that have the seed inside. And, of course, hazelnuts are a crucial ingredient in what could be the world's most popular chocolate spread.
All hazelnut species benefit from being planted in frost-protected areas to increase the likelihood of consistent nut production. Hazelnuts should not be planted in lawns where turf and woody plants have different irrigation requirements and compete for nutrients. If you're in the mood for a decadent treat, look no further than this delicious recipe for dark chocolate and hazelnut truffles. Keep in mind that although the species is cold-resistant in much of the state, actual nut production may be limited by late frosts due to the early flowering of this species.
American species to create varieties that have the best qualities of each, selecting the large and tasty nuts of the European types and the disease resistance of the American varieties. They are medium to small insects that feed on the leaves and shells of the plant, reducing the filling and size of the nut. Table 1 presents American hazel and other relatively cold-tolerant species that are resistant to USDA zones 3 or 4 (equivalent to an average minimum temperature of -30 to -40° F) depending on the variety and can be grown in most areas of Utah. If you don't want to do all the work of harvesting from the tree, you can let the nuts fall to the ground and rake them every few days.
Hazelnuts grow quite quickly, with an increase of 13 to 24 inches per year, according to the Arbor Day Foundation. I would love to hear from other gardeners who grow hazelnuts, shells, or filberts, or even any nut. Modern cultivars are resistant to Eastern Filbert blight and produce small, thick-shelled nuts in autumn. .