Hazelnuts are relatively quick and easy to grow, don't require as much space as other nut trees, and produce sweet and delicious nuts every summer. Native hybrid hazelnuts provide a crop that is constantly in short supply, is well known to consumers and that almost grow on their own. By Dawn and Jeff Zarnowski Tasty and healthy hazelnuts are used in many food products desired by consumers and are chronically in short supply. Nearly all hazelnuts consumed in North America come from Oregon or Turkey.
However, hazel trees are native to the eastern half of North America, from Louisiana to Georgia in the south, to Manitoba and Quebec in the north. Native hazel trees (Corylus americana) are resistant, resistant to diseases and are very tolerant to a wide range of growing conditions, yet there is a shortage of nuts. Native walnuts tend to be small and not as tasty as European hazelnuts (Corylus avellana), which have been selected for their quality for hundreds and thousands of years. This is where the hybridization of the two species of hazelnuts over the past century has resulted in new varieties that have the best qualities of both.
Hazelnut organizations have been formed to promote the cultivation of this native crop with better qualities. Another wonderful thing about hazel trees is that you don't have to wait long before the tree gives nuts for you to eat. Hazelnuts start producing in as little as 4 years and produce large yields in year six or seven. In addition, you can choose to grow it as a shrub or a single-stem tree.
A multi-stemmed shrub will form if you do not cut or cut off the shoots that grow near the base of the tree. Shrub-like, it will grow from 8 feet to 12 feet tall. In the form of a bush, hazelnut allows you to easily pick nuts by hand and carry out environmental plantations without worries for erosion control or as a hedge. If you choose to grow it as a single-stem tree, it will grow from 14 feet to 16 feet tall and almost as wide.
Once the tree is large enough to shade the base, the shoots will not grow. Native hazel is adaptable and easy to grow; but it took many generations of hybridization to generate native trees with large, tasty nuts. They are often used as a cover and grown for their wood, as well as for their delicious nuts. They are large, multi-stemmed, naturally vigorous shrubs, often cut for their wood.
Those wild hazelnut bushes harbor a fungus, Anisogramma anomala, commonly known as eastern filbert blight, that doesn't cause much damage to native wildlings like C. Even though they produce both male and female flowers, they still require cross-pollination with another hazel. This was the time in late summer when filbertas, as they are also called hazelnuts, are ripe enough to be harvested, so I took my six-year-old daughter and a large basket woven from white oak to the tall bushes to drive her crazy, as country people used to say. Hazelnut is susceptible to a fungus known as eastern filbert blight, which has decimated orchards in the Pacific Northwest.
Hazelnuts grow quite quickly, with an increase of 13 to 24 inches per year, according to the Arbor Day Foundation. People also find it easier to buy a small shrub or tree and replant it in the garden or patio. Consider higher amounts of NPK in your fertilizer when hazel bush leaves are yellow or when you experience slow growth. If you don't want to do all the work of harvesting from the tree, you can let the nuts fall to the ground and rake them every few days.
About 65 years ago, as a child in West Virginia, I would go out to places close to my house after the first frost and pick hazelnuts in the wild and also persimmon and papaya. Hazelnuts form catkins and flowers in early spring, mid-March in the Midwest, where I live, and don't form leaves until several weeks later. Hazelnuts often fall off the tree on their own, and it might be easier to put them all together in a pile. I never saw blight on either my pecan trees or Harry Lauder, but I moved to California around the time the filberts reached 12 and were about to become infected.
If you have space, try planting a small hazelnut orchard, placing trees about 4 m (15 ft) apart to give them enough space. Another advantage of hazelnuts is that they are ideal for hedges because they form a dense screen without growing too tall or wide. Hazelnuts are not trees in the normal sense, but shrubs that can grow quite tall and tall without pruning. .